12 Angry Men–Act 1 Vocabulary and Study Guide Questions

unanimouscomplete agreement with no one dissenting
refugeea person who flees one country and seeks safety somewhere else
ela train of the same design as a subway train that runs on tracks and is elevated a few stories above the streets
retireto leave the open court to go to a private room
calculusa complicated mathematical process
belligerentlya hostile or angry manner
monopolythe exclusive ownership of a business
switch knifea knife whose spring-loaded blade is concealed inside the body of the knife
propositiona deal; bargain
mugginga physical attack to take money or goods from another person
breeding grounda place that feeds and nourishes the growth of what is born there
flimsyweak and thin
What instructions does the judge give the jurors?if they have reasonable doubt they must declare the defendant “not guilty”
How many jurors must vote guilty for the accused to be convicted?all twelve
What is the last thing the jurors hear before they are locked in the jury room that might affect influence their thinking?“He doesn’t stand a chance.” says the uniformed guard
Describe the staging for this play.bare, drab room with 1 window, a table, and 12 chairs
What is the climate like in the setting?hot and stuffy, late in the afternoon
What is the defendant accused of?murdering his father
What evidence is there against the defendant?the weapon looks like one he lost and he has a previous record with the law for knife fighting; there are two witnesses to the events of the fathers murder
What does the woman across the street claim to have seen?saw the boy do it through the window of the El train
What does the man downstairs claim to have heard?the boy threaten his father and he claims to have seen the boy run down the stairs
Who is the protagonist and what is he doing when we first see him?Juror 8; he is staring thoughtfully out the window
Who is the antagonist?
How is he different from other people?
Juror 3; he is loud, bossy, and opinionated and is in opposition to the protagonist
What will be the cause of conflict between the protagonist and antagonist?On the surface they argue about the guilt of the boy but it becomes a personality class and an argument about justice and fairness
What is the cause of Juror 3’s anger towards all young men?because of his anger towards his own son; his son was beaten by his father as a child and as a teen he knocked his father down; he ran away and has not been seen by his father since
What does Juror 10’s following comment reveal about himself? ” How can you believe him, knowing what he is? I lived among ’em all my life. You can’t believe a word they say.”He is clearly prejudiced; he distrusts an entire race/class of people based on very limited exposure
Juror 8 says he had a peculiar feeling about this trial. What does he think is wrong?Juror 8 feels the defense counsel did not conduct a thorough cross-examination, and many questions were left unasked.
Why does the foreman ask the guard to bring the switchblade knife?Juror 4 says he feels that the jurors have the right to see the exhibits in evidence.
What dramatic climax occurs toward the end of Act 1?Juror 8 jabs a knife into the wall. The knife is identical to the murder weapon.
What does Juror 8 propose at the end of act 1?that they all vote again but that he will not vote; if all 11 jurors vote guilty, then he will do the same
What is Juror 8’s motive for proposing the vote at the end of act 1?He believes that at least one juror, if not more, will vote “not guilty”
From what you have learned of the jurors at this point, which one(s) would want on your jury if you were on trial?Juror 8 for sure
Which jurors would you NOT want on your jury if you were on trial?Jurors 3, 10, and 12